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Punakha is one of the 20 dzongkhag (districts) comprising Bhutan.
Punakha Dzong, the administrative and religious center of the district, is the winter home of Bhutan’s Central Monk Body. Since the 1680′s the dzong has also been the site of a continuous vigil over the earthly body of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, the founder of the country, which lies in a special chamber in the dzong.Punakha dzong was the capital of Bhutan during the time of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. The Punakha Dzong is one of the most historic dzongs in the whole country. Built by Zhabdrung Ngwang Namgyal in the 17th century, it is located between the confluence of two rivers: Pho(male) chhu and Mo(female) chhu.
Punakha is bordered by Thimphu, Gasa, and Wangdue Phodrang dzongkhag.
Pungthang Dechen Phodrang in Punakha Dzongkhag was constructed by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel in 1637 and is renowned for its historical importance. It was in Punakha, the first hereditary Monarch, King Ugyen Wangchuck was enthroned on 17 December 1907. Punakha served as the winter capital till 1955 and Punakha Dzong continues to be the winter residence of the Central Monk Body.
Punakha Dzongkhag has nine Gewogs namely Chhubu, Dzomo, Goenshari, Guma, Kabjisa, Lingmukha, Shenga Bjime, Talo and Toewang with a total of 2001 households. Accept for Talo and Guma Gewogs, most Gewogs are located along the banks of Pho-chhu and Mo-chhu with elevation ranging from 1200-4800 m above sea level.
Despite favourable climatic condition and very fertile agricultural land, farm productivity is low. Majority of the farm households still lack direct access to motor roads which pose considerable difficulties in transporting farm surplus to market.
The Dzongkhag has three community schools, five primary schools, one lower secondary schools and one middle secondary school with total of over 4000 students. The hospital at Punakha and five Basic Health Units (BHUs) in the Gewogs render public health services for the Gewogs. Almost 60 % of the households have access to piped drinking water supply. Over 30% of the rural households have access to electricity.